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Etude monographique du 0,50F Marianne de Béquet
Sa naissance, sa production, son utilisation postale

Ce site philatélique étudie le timbre 0,50F Marianne de Béquet, depuis sa conception jusqu’à son utilisation postale en passant par les différentes présentations dont il a fait l’objet.

logo article ou rubrique
Mail for overseas countries

Introduction

Rates for overseas mail are extremely complex at the time of the stamp Marianne de Béquet. Actually, to calculate the postal charge of a mailing abroad, it is necessary to take into account:

  • Tariff changes, with eight modifications between January 4, 1971 and May 15, 1978 (some of them only concerning a single country however);
  • The geographical situation of the country addressee: besides the general case, there are special rates for the countries of the European Union, Canada, ... and the particular case of countries assimilated to the internal mail regime (roughly speaking, the former French colonies);
  • Whether air traffic is used or not, for the calculation of a surcharge fee linked to the weight of the mailing and to the existence of seven geographical areas named A, B, C, D, E, F and G and defined as follows:
     
    • area A : Europe, Turkey, the Azores, the Canary Islands, Madeira, Cyprus;
       
    • area B : Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia;
       
    • area C : the Afars and the Issas, Benin (formely Dahomey), Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo (Brazzaville), Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Guadeloupe, Guinea, French Guiana, Upper Volta, Mali, Martinique, Mauritania, Niger, Réunion, Senegal, Chad, Togo;
       
    • area D : the Comoros, Madagascar, Laos, South Vietnam , New Caledonia, New Hebrides, Khmer Republic, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Wallis and Futuna;
       
    • area E : Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, United Arab Republic, Syrian Arab Republic;
       
    • area F : Burma, People’s Republic of China, Korea, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Macao, Malaysia, People’s Republic of Mongolia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor, Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, other countries of Oceania;
       
    • area G : other countries in Africa, in America and in Asia;
  • The type of mailing: letter, postcard, printed matter, registered mail, EXPRÈS mail, ...
  • The distinction between mainland France and the overseas territories for the place where mail is deposited.

In this article, we will distinguish three categories of countries: those of the general regime, those of the particular regime of countries assimilated to the internal mail regime and those benefiting from special rates. We will show a number of covers by explaining the reasons of the applied rate. We will also present a number of covers to Switzerland, in order to illustrate the complexity of rates over the period 1971 to 1978. Finally, a number of specific cases will be described in a last part entitled Miscellaneous.

We will describe the main postal rates in the form of numerous tables and will show a number of covers by explaining the reasons of the applied rate.

Evolution of international taxes
date
registered mailing
EXPRÈS mailing
declared value mailing
fixed fee
acknowledgement of receipt
insurance proportional cost by 350 F increment
minimum tax
maximum charge
requested when tabling
requested subsequently to the deposit
4.1.1971
3,00 F
1,00 F
2,00 F
3,50 F
0,90 F
3,00 F
7 500,00 F
16.9.1974
4,70 F
1,50 F
3,00 F
6,20 F
-
?
-
1.1.1976
-
-
-
-
1,80 F
?
10 0000 F
2.8.1976
5,50 F
2,00 F
4,00 F
7,50 F
-
?
15 0000 F
15.5.1978
6,50 F
2,50 F
5,00 F
9,00 F
2,00 F
?
-

 

It should be noted that the rates described in the above table are independent from the country addressee.

Airmail supplements from metropolitan France on 4.1.1971
area
letters, postcards, money orders, ... per 5 g increment
other items per 25 g increment
A
-
0,15 F
B
0,05 F
0,15 F
C
0,30 F
0,30 F
D
0,50 F
0,50 F
E
0,30 F
0,30 F
F
0,70 F
0,70 F
G
0,50 F
0,50 F

 

Airmail supplements from metropolitan France on 1.8.1971
group
letters, postcards, money orders, ... per 5 g increment
other items per 25 g increment
A
-
0,15 F
B
0,05 F
0,15 F
C
0,30 F
0,25 F
D
0,50 F
0,45 F
E
0,30 F
0,25 F
F
0,70 F
0,60 F
G
0,50 F
0,45 F

 

Airmail supplements from La Réunion island
date
letters, postcards, values to be recovered, … per 5 g increment
Other objects, packages, non urgent letters, newspapers and periodicals per 25 g increment
Madagascar, the Comoros
Mauritius
area A
other countries
Madagascar, the Comoros
Mauritius
area A
other countries
10.1.1970
5,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
20,00 F CFA
25,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
20,00 F CFA
25,00 F CFA
1.8.1971
5,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
20,00 F CFA
25,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
20,00 F CFA
25,00 F CFA
16.8.1974
5,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
20,00 F CFA
25,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
5,00 F CFA
20,00 F CFA
25,00 F CFA
1.1.1975
0,10 F
0,10 F
0,40 F
0,50 F
0,10 F
0,15 F
0,40 F
0,45 F

 

Area A consists of the following countries: South Africa, Botswana, Kenya, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda, United Arab Republic, Rhodesia, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia

Airmail supplements from Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana
date
letters, postcards, values to be recovered, … per 5 g increment
Other objects, packages, non urgent letters, newspapers and periodicals per 25 g increment
liste number 1
liste number 2
other countries in the Americas , Saint Pierre et Miquelon
other countries
list number 1
list number 2
other countries in the Americas , Saint Pierre et Miquelon
other countries
10.1.1970
0,10 F
0,15 F
0,20 F
0,50 F
0,10 F
0,15 F
0,20 F
0,45 F
1.8.1971
0,10 F
0,15 F
0,20 F
0,50 F
0,10 F
0,15 F
0,20 F
0,45 F
1.1.1976
0,10 F
0,15 F
0,20 F
0,50 F
0,10 F
0,15 F
0,20 F
0,45 F

 

List number 1: the Antilles, the Venezuela, the Guiana and Suriname from Martinique and from Guadeloupe, Guiana and Suriname from the French Guiana

List number 2: the Antilles, Brazil and Venezuela from the French Guiana

General regime

In the general regime, the same basic tariff is applied to all the countries. Only additional costs due to airmail and to the type of shipping vary.

** Rates on 4.1.71

International rates for the general tariff on 4.1.1971
letters
postcards
5-word postcards
printed matter
up to 20 g
beyond 20 g per 20 g increment
up to 50 g
beyond 50 g per 50 g increment
0,80 F
0,45 F
0,45 F
0,40 F
0,40 F
0,20 F

 

We may notice that this rate lasted only seven months, because the next tariff change took place at the beginning of August, 1971. Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

** Rates on 1.8.71

International rates for the general tariff on 1.8.1971
up to
letters
postcards
5-word postcards
printed matter
books, newspapers, ...
20 g
0,90 F
0,60 F
0,40 F
0,40 F
0,20 F
50 g
1,60 F
-
-
0,55 F
0,28 F
100 g
2,00 F
-
-
0,70 F
0,35 F
250 g
4,50 F
-
-
1,10 F
0,55 F
500 g
8,50 F
-
-
2,00 F
1,00 F
1 kg
14,00 F
-
-
3,50 F
1,75 F
2 kg
23,00 F
-
-
5,80 F
2,90 F
3 kg
-
-
-
-
4,35 F
4 kg
-
-
-
-
5,80 F
5 kg
-
-
-
-
6,25 F

 

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

** Rates on 16.9.74

International rates for the general tariff on 16.9.1974
up to
letters
postcards
5-word postcards
printed matter
books, newspapers, ...
20 g
1,20 F
0,80 F
0,70 F
0,70 F
0,35 F
50 g
2,20 F
-
-
0,90 F
0,45 F
100 g
2,80 F
-
-
1,20 F
0,60 F
250 g
4,50 F
-
-
2,30 F
1,15 F
500 g
8,50 F
-
-
3,10 F
1,55 F
1 kg
14,00 F
-
-
5,00 F
2,50 F
2 kg
23,00 F
-
-
7,00 F
3,50 F
3 kg
-
-
-
-
5,25 F
4 kg
-
-
-
-
7,00 F
5 kg
-
-
-
-
8,75 F

 
Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

** Rates on 1.1.76

International rates for the general tariff on 1.1.1976
up to
letters
postcards
5-word postcards
printed matter
books, newspapers, ...
20 g
1,20 F
0,80 F
0,70 F
0,70 F
0,35 F
50 g
2,20 F
-
-
1,00 F
0,50 F
100 g
2,80 F
-
-
1,30 F
0,65 F
250 g
5,70 F
-
-
2,40 F
1,20 F
500 g
11,00 F
-
-
4,30 F
2,15 F
1 kg
19,00 F
-
-
7,00 F
3,50 F
2 kg
30,00 F
-
-
10,00 F
5,00 F
3 kg
-
-
-
-
7,50 F
4 kg
-
-
-
-
10,00 F
5 kg
-
-
-
-
12,50 F

 

** Rates on 2.8.76

International rates for the general tariff on 2.8.1976
up to
letters
postcards
5-word postcards
printed matter
books, newspapers, ...
20 g
1,40 F
1,00 F
0,80 F
0,80 F
0,40 F
50 g
2,50 F
-
-
1,10 F
0,55 F
100 g
3,20 F
-
-
1,50 F
0,75 F
250 g
6,50 F
-
-
2,80 F
1,40 F
500 g
12,50 F
-
-
4,90 F
2,45 F
1 kg
22,00 F
-
-
8,00 F
4,00 F
2 kg
35,00 F
-
-
11,40 F
5,70 F
3 kg
-
-
-
-
8,55 F
4 kg
-
-
-
-
11,40 F
5 kg
-
-
-
-
14,25 F

 

** Rates on 15.5.78

International rates for the general tariff on 15.5.1978
up to
letters
postcards
5-word postcards
printed matter
books, newspapers, ...
20 g
1,70 F
1,20 F
1,00 F
1,00 F
0,50 F
50 g
3,00 F
-
-
1,30 F
0,65 F
100 g
4,00 F
-
-
1,80 F
0,90 F
250 g
7,50 F
-
-
3,00 F
1,50 F
500 g
14,50 F
-
-
5,50 F
2,75 F
1 kg
25,00 F
-
-
9,20 F
4,60 F
2 kg
40,00 F
-
-
11,40 F
6,50 F
3 kg
-
-
-
-
9,75 F
4 kg
-
-
-
-
13,00 F
5 kg
-
-
-
-
16,25 F

 

Specific regimes

A number of countries (generally, the former French colonies) benefit from the regime of internal mail rate. This list evolved over years. On 4.1.71, that list included overseas territories, the Algerian Republic, the Federal republic of Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Republic of Ivory Coast, the Republic of Dahomey, the Gabonese Republic, the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, the Malagasy Republic, the Republic of Mali, the Republic of Niger, the Republic of Senegal, the Republic of Chad, the Togolese Republic and the Republic of Upper Volta. Besides, for Cambodia, Guinea, Laos, Morocco, Tunisia and South Vietnam, the tax is 0,60F.

Evolution of international rates for specific regimes
date
letters
postcards
5-word postcards
up to 20 g
between 20 and 50 g
between 50 and 100 g
between 100 and 250 g
between 250 and 500 g
between 500 g and 1 kg
between 1 and 2 kg
1.8.1971
0,60 F
0,90 F
1,20 F
2,50 F
3,30 F
4,20 F
5,70 F
0,50 F
0,30 F
16.9.1974
1,00 F
1,40 F
1,90 F
4,00 F
5,00 F
6,50 F
8,50 F
0,80 F
0,60 F
2.8.1976
1,25 F
1,70 F
2,40 F
4,80 F
6,00 F
8,00 F
10,50 F
1,00 F
0,80 F
15.5.1978
1,50 F
2,10 F
2,90 F
5,80 F
7,20 F
9,60 F
12,80 F
1,20 F
1,00 F

 

**Rates on 4.1.71

For Cambodia, Guinea, Laos, Morocco, Tunisia and South Vietnam, the tax is 0,60F.
 

 

** Rates on 1.8.71

*** From metropolitan France

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

*** From overseas territories

 

 

**Changes on 16.4.1973 and on 1.8.1973

On 16.4.73, Morocco is no longer a specific regime country and moves to the general regime (however, air surcharges are exempted for the mailings of weight less than 20 g).

On 1.8.1973, Algeria moves from the specific regime to the general one.

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

Countries benefiting from special arrangements

On 4.1.71, countries benefiting from special arrangements can be classified in 5 areas which we are going to call areas A, B, C, D and E (but these areas have nothing to do with the areas defined for the air mail surcharges). These areas are the following ones:

  • area A: Canada and border rate (when departure and arrival offices are situated less than 30 km as the crow flies) for Belgium, Spain and Switzerland
  • area B: Germany and Luxemburg
  • area C: Belgium and the Netherlands
  • area D: Italy and San Marino
  • area E: Switzerland and Liechtenstein

The list of countries covered by these particular rates will vary somewhat over time, in particular with the limitation to only Spain of the border rate on 1.8.71.

** From metropolitan France

*** Rates on 4.1.71

International postal rates for special regimes on 1.4.1971
area
up to 20 g
A
0,50 F up to 20 g and 0,40 F per 20 g increment beyond
B
internal regime fot letters up to 20 g and postcards
C
internal regime fot letters up to 20 g and postcards
D
internal regime fot letters, postcards and parcel post up to 100 g ; general regime beyond
E
general regime

 

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

***Rates on 1.8.71

International postal rates for special regimes on 1.8.1971
area
up to 20 g
between 20 and 50 g
between 50 and 100 g
between 100 and 250 g
between 250 and 500 g
between 500 g and 1 kg
between 1 and 2 kg
A
0,50 F
0,90 F
1,20 F
2,50 F
3,30 F
4,20 F
5,70 F
B
0,50 F
0,90 F
2,00 F
4,50 F
8,50 F
14,00 F
23,00 F
C
0,50 F
1,60 F
2,00 F
4,50 F
8,50 F
14,00 F
23,00 F
D
0,50 F
0,90 F
1,20 F
4,50 F
8,50 F
14,00 F
23,00 F
E
0,60 F
1,60 F
2,00 F
4,50 F
8,50 F
14,00 F
23,00 F

 

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

***Rates on 16.9.74

International postal rates for special regimes on 16.9.1974
area
up to 20 g
between 20 and 50 g
between 50 and 100 g
between 100 and 250 g
between 250 and 500 g
between 500 g and 1 kg
between 1 and 2 kg
A
0,80 F
1,40 F
1,90 F
4,00 F
8,00 F
13,00 F
20,00 F
B
0,80 F
1,40 F
2,80 F
4,50 F
8,50 F
14,00 F
23,00 F
C
0,80 F
2,20 F
2,80 F
4,50 F
8,50 F
14,00 F
23,00 F
D
0,80 F
1,40 F
1,90 F
4,50 F
8,50 F
14,00 F
23,00 F
E
1,00 F
2,20 F
2,80 F
4,50 F
8,50 F
14,00 F
23,00 F

 

***Rates on 2.8.76

International postal rates for special regimes on 2.8.1976
area
up to 20 g
between 20 and 50 g
between 50 and 100 g
between 100 and 250 g
between 250 and 500 g
between 500 g and 1 kg
between 1 and 2 kg
A
1,00 F
1,70 F
2,40 F
4,80 F
10,00 F
13,00 F
20,00 F
B
1,00 F
1,70 F
3,20 F
6,50 F
12,50 F
22,00 F
35,00 F
C
1,00 F
2,50 F
3,20 F
6,50 F
12,50 F
22,00 F
35,00 F
D
1,00 F
1,70 F
2,40 F
6,50 F
12,50 F
22,00 F
35,00 F
E
1,25 F
2,50 F
3,20 F
6,50 F
12,50 F
22,00 F
35,00 F

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

***Rates on 15.5.78

International postal rates for special regimes on 15.5.1978
area
up to 20 g
between 20 and 50 g
between 50 and 100 g
between 100 and 250 g
between 250 and 500 g
between 500 g and 1 kg
between 1 and 2 kg
A
1,20 F
2,10 F
2,90 F
5,80 F
12,00 F
18,00 F
28,00 F
B
1,20 F
2,10 F
4,00 F
7,50 F
14,50 F
25,00 F
40,00 F
C
1,20 F
3,00 F
4,00 F
7,50 F
14,50 F
25,00 F
40,00 F
D
1,20 F
2,10 F
2,90 F
7,50 F
14,50 F
25,00 F
40,00 F
E
1,50 F
3,00 F
4,00 F
7,50 F
14,50 F
25,00 F
40,00 F

 

** From overseas territories

 

 

Specific Study of Switzerland

We will present a number of covers to Switzerland to illustrate the complexity of mail rates during the validity period of the stamp 0,50F Marianne de Béquet, with tariff changes and the kinds of services provided by La Poste. It should be noted, however, that there is no air surcharge between France and Switzerland, except for D.O.M. and T.O.M.

** Letters, postcards, parcel mails

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 
We may note that the above covers can only be found during seven months with the correct fare, until the tariff change on 1.8.71.
 

 

** Routing of mail services

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

** Mail sent from overseas territories

 

 

** Miscellaneous

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

Miscellaneous

** Prepaid postcard in international regime

 

 

 

The above postcard was posted in Port Vila (New Hebrides) with a country’s stamp for France (1st image) and a New Hebrides’ stamp for return (2nd image), stamp franked on 19.1.71. This letter was forwarded from France on 13.4.71 with a registered fee of 3,00F. It arrived at Port Vila on 23.4.71, but was not able to be distributed for not adequate address. It is returned to Paris where it arrives on 21.7.71 and is distributed on 22.7.71.

It should be noted that this kind of postcard with prepaid answer in international regime was cancelled by an instruction of the Post Office on 1.7.71.

** Suspended mail relationships

It happens that, for various reasons, mail relationships between France and a given country are suspended. Letters to these countries are then returned to their sender with a P. & T. label explaining the return.

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

** Inter-Antilles mail

There is a local inter-Antilles rate which puts the franking of a letter weighing less than 20g at the internal rate. The two above covers show a letter with this inter-Antilles rate and a second one with the international rate.

Two covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.
 

 

** Letters posted abroad with a French stamp

In principle, the stamp 0,50F Marianne de Béquet is only valid to frank a letter posted in France. We will display below some covers showing that the reaction of abroad post-office employees (or franking machines) may be highly varied.

Some covers illustrating these price rates will be presented as a slide showIf you point to an image with the mouse cursor,
this image will remain "steady"
.